Every website , social media, and online application has been confirmed to have web hosting so that the data in it can be accessed by users. For now, there are four types of hosting that are most commonly used. Each type of web hosting has a different way of working and the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Then, what are the four types of web hosting ? Here is a complete discussion of the types of web hosting and their differences.
4 Types of Web Hosting and Their Differences
The following are some types of hosting that are generally used by websites and web-based applications.
1. Cloud Hosting
Cloud hosting is a type of hosting that combines the ease of use of shared hosting with much better server performance — even closer to a VPS.
That way, you don’t have to bother thinking about server management like when you use a VPS. However, you also don’t need to worry about website performance when there is a spike in traffic .
Currently, cloud hosting is one of the best options for various types of sites, be it personal websites, online stores, corporate websites, or blogs.
Following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of cloud hosting .
Advantages of Cloud Hosting
- Higher uptime than other types of hosting
- Better performance
- More stable and flexible in presenting data
- Easy and fast setup
- Lower maintenance costs compared to dedicated servers
Disadvantages of Cloud Hosting
- Depends heavily on internet connection to access data on server
- Less flexibility when compared to a dedicated server
- There are configuration and customization limitations
2. Shared Hosting
Shared hosting is a hosting service with the lowest cost, so it is suitable to be chosen for websites or startup applications. This type of hosting generally offers only one choice of operating system for its users.
Since server resources are used concurrently, you will also have very limited customization options when using shared hosting .
As the name suggests, shared hosting requires users to share resources on one server (such as RAM, HDD, and CPU) with other users. Therefore, this type of hosting is not recommended for websites / applications with a large number of users (10,000+).
However, shared hosting still has some advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of them.
Advantages of Shared Hosting
- Low rent
- Standard performance
- Server hardware has high specifications
- Standard configuration
- Low client administration requirements
Disadvantages of Shared Hosting
- Limited space to develop a website
- Lack of security protection
- Costs can increase as the website grows
- Limited use of server resources
- There is a possibility of banning the use of certain applications
VPS (Virtual Private Server) is a type of web hosting that sits halfway between shared hosting and dedicated servers . With a VPS, customers can use a server that functions like a dedicated at a price almost as cheap as shared.
Each VPS is capable of running a full operating system and can be rebooted separately even if it is installed on the same computer as another virtual machine. Each virtual machine has the same function as a real computer so that the privacy of each client will be maintained.
Advantages of VPS
- The cost is relatively cheaper than a dedicated server with almost the same level of security
- Much easier and faster server initial setup process
- More flexibility in server configuration and specification selection
- Most VPSs are on high-spec computers
- Protected against most types of DDoS attacks
Disadvantages of VPS
- Has a weaker performance compared to a dedicated server
- Customization limitations are still there, though not as strict as on shared hosting
- Requires more technical knowledge than shared hosting
4. Dedicated Servers
Dedicated Server, as the name suggests, is a type of web hosting that offers a single dedicated server for only one user.
That is, the user gains exclusive access of all server resources . In addition, server customization is also more flexible, from selecting the operating system to installing certain programs.
The following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of dedicated servers .
Advantages of Dedicated Servers
- High level of server performance
- Stronger security protection
- Better IP reputation because it is not shared with other websites
- Server resources are wholly owned by one user
- Wider customization space
Disadvantages of Dedicated Servers
- More expensive infrastructure costs
- The upgrade and maintenance process will cause downtime
- The risk of downtime caused by hardware failure is higher
- Requires technical knowledge to set up, manage and maintain servers
So, those were the four types of web hosting, their differences, advantages, and disadvantages. In short, if you are planning to create a new website or application, shared hosting is a cost-effective and effective option.
If you already have a large number of regular users, then cloud hosting and VPS services are the right choice because they have high uptime .
Meanwhile, dedicated server services are the right choice for large organizations or companies that require various customizations and configurations to run their websites /applications.